Designer’s Hardware Essential V

PASSION PROJECT DAY 13

Designer’s Hardware Essential [Monitor]


Dell S

A quick overview of monitor

  1. Resolution
  2. Color Gamut
  3. Refreshing Rate
  4. Viewing Angle

1. Resolution

resolution
Resolution Comparison
The resolution of PC monitor is usually named after its shortest side. For example, resolution of 2560 x 1600 will be named as 1600p. The higher the resolution, the clearer, sharper content you can see. However, there is a trade-off between better viewing experience and performance. The high resolution means CPU has to drive more pixels and the battery life will be drained faster.

1.1 Resolution Ratio

The most common ratio is 16:9 which is also the standard ratio for video recording on our cell phones but also cameras. 1080p, 1440p and 2160p are 16:9 ratio, while 1200p and 1600p are 16:10 ratio that means the screen is relatively taller. Microsoft’s surface book features an even taller screen ratio of 3:2 (3000 x 2000). Compared with widescreen, tallscreen is better at displaying more content, especially if working with two split left and right windows. However, tallscreen is not suitable for watching video or movie, because movie format is usually wider than 16:9, causing an extra black top and down boarder on tall screen.
Surface_Book2_Techspecs_1_Book2_15_HeroFullBleed_V3
Surface Book 2 features a 3:2 ratio screen

2. Color Gamut

 

chromaticity_diagram
ProPhoto RGB vs. Adobe RGB vs. sRBG

 

The most common color gamut is sRGB. The wider the color gamut, the more colors the monitor can display. As we can see from the graphs, from widest to narrowest gamuts are ProPhoto RGB, Adobe RGB, sRGB. However, because 99% Adobe RGB monitors are not prevalent, I don’t recommending using Adobe RGB for color grading on photos or movie, Because when a monitor cannot display as many colors as from the photo, it will result in dusty gray colors. In other words, the dustier the photo is, the more colors it actually contains.
colormanage
More colors means dustier
Windows computers use Adobe RGB gamut, while Mac computers use DCI/P3 Color gamut which is defined by American film industry. It is hard to tell which gamut is wider, but based on public opinion, P3 is more vibrant than Adobe RGB.
2d-argb-applep3
Adobe RGB vs. Apple P3

3. Refreshing Rate

 

Refresh-rate
144 Hz vs. 60 Hz

 

The default refreshing rate for computer monitors is 60 Hz. For a more responsive gaming experience, certain gaming monitor features refreshing rate 75 Hz or 144 Hz.
Keep in mind that, the HDMI port on most of the laptops is still 1.4 version whose bandwidth maxes out at 1440p at 60 Hz. If you want to use a 4k monitor at 60 Hz, use Display port.

4. Viewing Angle

Viewing Angle
178 Degree viewing angle
Viewing angle is the maximum angle at which a display can be viewed with acceptable visual performance. The widest viewing angle standard is 178 degrees.

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